The great thing about the New York colony is that there are a lot of important things that happened in New York.
The New York colony was located in the middle of the New World. The first people in New York were the Mohawks, Iroquois and the Algonguins. They lived in the southeastern part of New York. The Native Americans sold tobacco to the colonists to pay the taxes that they had to pay to the colonists.
In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazano became the first European to see New York from a ship. Another important explorer was Henry Hudson. He explored the eastern part of New York and clamed it for the Dutch in 1609. He named the land he explored New Netherlands because he came from the Netherlands.
The Dutch stared to build houses in what they called New Amsterdam (New Amsterdam would later become New York). The Dutch governor, Peter Stuyvesant, Signed over New Netherlands to England in 1664 because the English were at war with them and the English were winning. At Fort Amsterdam they did not have a lot of gunpowder. The English took over New Netherland and renamed it New York.
Most settlers built houses in our around New Amsterdam. Others lived in villages on the Hudson river or on Long Island. The settlers lived through four seasons each year, with cold snowy winters and hot summers. They grew wheat and corn that they got trading with the Indians. They ate their crops, bread and meat from hunting. The jobs that they had were farmer, banker, postmaster general, supplier and gunsmith.
In New York, the four major rivers are the Hudson, St. Lawrence, Susquehanna and the Mohawk. On the rivers where the ground drops in height, the river form waterfalls. Niagara Falls is located on the Niagara River at the border between western New York and Canada. In New York there are two major mountain ranges called the Catskills and the Adirondacks.
Henry Hudson was what I call a water guy. He was the first to explore most of New York's rivers. While governor, Peter Minuit purchaced Manhattan Island for $24.00 from the Indians. John Jay was the first Supreme Court justice. Alexander Hamltin played a leading role in the creation of our fedaral constitution. He was one of the main organizers of the constitutuional convention that met in Philadelphia, in 1787. He signed the Constituion as New York's representaive.
Joseph Brant was a famouse Mohawk Indian. He worked as a British interpreter and Christian missionary among the Mohawks. He also translated parts of the Bible into the Mohawk language. The other important Indian tribes in New York were the Iroquois and Algonquin.
By 1667, New York was the biggest trading post in the colonies. Colonists traded to the Indians tools, clothing and guns. The Indians traded to the colonists food. pottery and furs.New York city became the capital of the colonies. George Washington was the only president in New York. It ended as the capital in 1790.
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